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Controlled Substance Schedules

The schedule of drug that your charge relates to can have a big impact on the penalties you face. As a result, it is important you are aware of where your drug offense falls, and take the necessary steps to mitigate the damage immediately. Especially if you are facing charges involving a Schedule II drug, do not dismiss the severity of your crime. The Georgia drug attorneys at Kohn & Yager are committed to helping you get the best outcome in your case.

Schedule I Drugs

Schedule I drugs are the most serious classification of controlled substances, which are considered to be highly addictive and have no medical use. In Georgia, this includes marijuana. Other Schedule I drugs include heroin, ecstasy, and LSD.


The penalties for possessing a Schedule I drug could ruin your life: You could spend time in jail, lose your job or property, and your license. If you have under an ounce of marijuana in Georgia it is a misdemeanor. More than an ounce of marijuana jumps to a felony, and the judge can order fines and jail time.

Schedule II Drugs

Drugs are separated into categories or schedules by their addictiveness, with Schedule I being the highest. Schedule II drugs are known to be abused often and risk psychological or physical dependency. These drugs include codeine, oxycodone, and morphine, barbiturates and amphetamines. Each of these has medical properties and are prescribed legally, too. You have to go to a doctor each time you need a refill.

If you are charged with illegal possession, selling, or manufacturing a Schedule II drug, you are likely to be charged with a felony.


The judge has a broad range of punishments available to sentence you. You could spend a year in prison, and you may have to be on probation, be required to perform community service, pay fines, and attend a drug treatment classes. Your penalties are heavier if a minor was involved or you were selling drugs on school grounds.

The categories and schedules for controlled dangerous substances are regulated by the Controlled Substances Act under the DEA. The Controlled Substances Act divides the penalties into schedules. The penalties for the purchase, possession, manufacture, distribution, or sale of controlled substances or marijuana in Georgia are found in O.C.G.A. § 16-13-30.

The different categories of controlled dangerous substances in Georgia describes the level of addiction and dangers with the drug. Further, the potential for psychological dependence factors into the categorization of controlled dangerous substances. It is governed by the Controlled Substances Act.

If you have been charged with a crime in relation to a controlled dangerous substance, it is important that you contact an attorney as soon as possible to begin crafting a case to help reduce or dismiss any penalties associated with your charge.

Drug Schedules

There are different degrees of abuse of Controlled Dangerous Substances in Georgia. Some people abuse drugs daily, while others use them less frequently. There are many categories of controlled dangerous substances in Georgia, and it is important for an individual to understand them in the scope of their case.

Schedule I

The DEA has five drug classifications. Schedule I drugs are controlled substances or drugs that have no currently acceptable or accepted medical use and have a high potential for abuse and dependency. Heroin, PCP, LSD, and ecstasy are examples of drugs within the Schedule I drug category.

Schedule II

Schedule II drugs are controlled substances considered dangerous drugs with a high potential for abuse and dependency. These are also drugs that have acceptable medical uses, but are dangerous drugs due to their addictive properties and potency.

The examples of Schedule II drugs in Georgia are Dilaudid, Demerol, OxyContin and oxycodone, Vicodin, Fentanyl, Ritalin, and Adderall, which are ADD drugs and also stimulants.

Schedule III

Schedule III drugs and controlled substances are drugs with an acceptable medical use and with a low to moderate potential for dependency or abuse.

Steroids and antidiuretics are Schedule III drugs. Acetaminophen with codeine, cough medicines with codeine, Dronabinol, and Ketamine are examples of Schedule III drugs.

Schedule IV

Schedule IV drugs in Georgia are controlled substances or drugs with an acceptable medical use and a low risk for potential abuse or dependency.

Examples of common Schedule IV drugs are Xanax, Soma, Darvocet, Valium, Ativan, Zolpidem which is Ambien, and Tramadol which is a muscle relaxer.

Potential Penalties

Previously, there were certain mandatory minimum requirements for jail time for someone that was charged with drug trafficking. When someone is charged with these types of offenses based on the quantity, there are certain mandatory minimums. However, when the individual provides substantial assistance to the police or law enforcement, the judge has the ability to differ or give less than mandatory minimums under the law, with the agreement of the state.

Even when the statute requires 10 years in prison, there are certain situations where someone who provides certain assistance or the ability to capture or nab other drug offenders or sellers, may be able to get lesser than the mandatory minimum.

Bringing Forward the Charge

Most illegal drugs are found when someone encounters a police officer. Many times, an individual can be pulled over in a traffic stop where the police smell the odor of a drug such as marijuana coming from their vehicle. Someone could be high, acting erratically, and intoxicated, so the police will charge them with driving under the influence once arrested. The police officer then has an opportunity to search that person’s car.

Benefits of a Lawyer

A lawyer determines if the search was done in a lawful fashion and whether there is a defense such as equal access, which means the state cannot prove ownership of the drugs, and more than one person had access to the drugs.

The lawyer can determine if the police lawfully found drugs in the first place. They can listen to the wiretaps and establish how the police gathered and found the drugs. An experienced attorney can help an individual in determining the specific category their controlled dangerous substance falls under, and begin mounting a strong legal defense to help minimize any potential consequences the individual may be facing.

Client Reviews
Great lawyer helped me out a lot. Very attentive, made me feel comfortable and at ease!! Really knows his stuff - would use him anytime. M.L.
Mr. Larry Kohn could not have been more helpful. I sent him a message for a free consultation, and unfortunately my case had to be handled in another state. But he completely walked me through everything I needed to do, and even offered to assist the lawyer I did find in Virginia should they need help with my case. Jamie V.
Mr. Kohn is just amazing. He is truthful and realistic when explaining potential outcomes of your case and doesn’t force you to hire him or anything. When I met him, he went through everything about the case and ways to fight it off first before even telling me about his services. He got my case dismissed and kept me out of a lot of potential problems with school applications and future job opportunities. I highly recommend him to anyone. Anurag G.